Archive for the ‘aeroplane’ Category

MiG 15

July 7, 2010

Apart from various aerodynamic advantages, the MiG-15 was also much more heavily armed than the Sabre which, like the Shooting Star, was equipped with six 50 caliber machine guns. In contrast, both the British and the Soviets had learned during the previous war that cannon fire was much more effective than machine guns, so MiG-15s were fitted with two 23mm cannon and a single 37mm cannon, which could literally blow apart a tank.


January 13, 2010


Tu-144 rutube video

November 24, 2008

Микоян-Гуревич МиГ-15УТИ

November 22, 2008

Modification of MiG 15

November 9, 2008
Modifications fighter MiG-15 (1)

MiG-15 (JI) – aircraft equipped with sliding installation sight ASP-3N and a new peak with heavy armor. In 1950 passed state tests.

Telescopic sight plant were assessed as a result of violations of the flight navodki first sight.

MiG-15bis (SA-1, SA-2) – destroyer equipped with devices blind landing.

In order to allow flights day and night in simple and complicated meteorological conditions in 1950, two MiG-15bis were equipped with devices blind landing (OSP-48). Subsequently, were equipped with two more vehicles: SA-3 and SA-4. They differ mainly positioning devices in the cockpit. The complete set of equipment OSP-48 consisted of automatic radio ARK-5 “Cupid”, the radio marker MRP-48 “Dyatel, radar altimeter low altitude RV-2” Crystal “.

The rear tank of paraffin was replaced by a new, consisting of two distinct halves, between which the power hatch on the lid have been installed units MRP-48 and ABC-5. Camera AFAI-M was removed, along with control panel and electric motor to open stvorok fotolyuchka.

The plane passed state tests, and installation of a blind landing was put into serial production. In addition, in order to expedite the testing of military installations blind landing system that was equipped with 16 aircraft MiG-15, who received military trials with a positive assessment.

To enhance the combat capabilities of aircraft MiG-15bis were working to equip its various outboard weapons.

(1) describe the modification of MiG-15 is not included in the book: Shavrov VB The history of aircraft structures in the Soviet Union 1938 – 1950 estimates. 3rd ed., Corrected. Moscow: Engineering, 1994.

MiG-15bis (SD-21) – airplane, equipped with air jet system AS-21.

In March – April 1952, was remodeled one. Each wing of the console, between the rack chassis and lock suspended the fuel tank was found on one rail on which to strengthen the starting devices PU-21, designed to fire rockets S-21 (ARS-212). Target sight AP-21 provides pritselnuyu firing rockets at a range of 400 to 800 meters and firing artillery weapons – from 180 to 800 m. The sight AP-21 was developed based on the series sight ASP-3NM, while pritselnuyu shooting PU-21 and artillery weapons did not afford (to aim it was necessary to establish a kind of shooting). With the suspension of fuel tanks, rockets could be at the starting devices are suspended, but before firing tanks must be dropped.

31 May, 1952 aircraft was brought to public trials, which passed with positive results. In the combatant forces converted 150 aircraft.

MiG-15bis (SD-5) – aircraft, equipped with two blocks with eight rounds ARS-57 each.

In July 1952, the working drawings were produced and shipped to the plant ╧ 21. Remodeled was one that has passed the test. Is also testing SD-5E aircraft, equipped with two blocks, but with twelve rounds ARS-57 each.

MiG-15bis (SD-10) – the plane with two bombs protivosamoletnymi PROSAB-100. Is for testing 29 February, 1952 a month to test the aircraft was handed over to SD-25 with two PROSAB-250.

MiG-15bis (Fig. 89) – aircraft equipped with systems “Grad”. Protective system “Grad” was intended to raise air minefields in order to defeat compounds bombers or individual aircraft, as well as for violations of building bombers. It was developed in the OKB AS Yakovlev on the tactical and technical requirements of the Air Force ╧ 104, approved in 1952

A fighter MiG-15bis and equipped with a system of “Grad”, instead of aerial fuel tanks for the wing suspended two containers with 56 mines each. Container shape and size are similar to the serial podvesnomu fuel Baku, and is divided into seven compartments. The bottom of the container closed two pairs managed stvorok. The forced expulsion of mines of the compartments has pneumatic pusher, which were equipped with all the compartments of the container.

MiG-15bis equipped zagraditelnoy system ‘Castle’

Fig. 89. MiG-15bis equipped zagraditelnoy system “Grad”

After the end of 1952, the special flight tests in GK Research Institute of Air Force Two converted at the factory ╧ 1 MiG-15bis (╧ ╧ 135011 and 135039) were returned to EDO to address the identified deficiencies. Factory control tests took place from March 2 to 18 Apr., 1953 tests conducted leading pilot test F.L. Abramov.

Work on “Grad” were terminated in August 1953

MiG-15bis (SD-P) – aircraft, equipped with a braking parachute PT-2165-51 with 15 m2 area of the dome.

In 1951, to explore the possibility of using aircraft MiG-15bis from airfields with limited length of runway, drag chute PT-2165-51 and two versions of braking wheels were fitted with two aircraft available for that purpose military aircraft.

At the bottom of the fuselage between frames 24 and 27 was placed hatch, which placed a special container with a drag chute (TP), exhaust and parachute cord. Container closed doors. TP cable attached to the castle, established in the slot back heel aircraft. Opening locks stvorok during landing and lock anchorage tether TP produced using a pneumatic system. Installing the MC has reduced the mileage of the aircraft twice.

They were tested, and in 1952 the factory ╧ 1 was built small series (10 aircraft).

MiG-15bis (SP-2) (Fig. 90) – fighter-interceptor with a radar station (RLS) Korshun. ”

In 1950, MiG-15 was modified by the installation of radar “Korshun” (used for the construction of a new head compartment). However, because of the delay fine-tuning the radar in the NII-17 fighter-interceptor SP-2 under the orders of MAP from 11 Aug., 1951 was converted under the wing angle strelovidnosti 45 ╟, becoming a MiG-17, which in the future and must be tested station Korshun “.

MiG-15bis (SJ) – with fighter wing design VP Yatsenko.

In order to eliminate “valezhki (spontaneous rolling off) aircraft at the factory ╧ 1 in 1952 have been developed, tested and put into production new wings increased rigidity of the VP Yatsenko. In March of that test in GK Research Institute of the Air Force new wing aircraft were equipped with three MiG-15bis.

MiG-15bis (Fig. 91) – aircraft equipped with a system in-flight refueling tanker aircraft from the Tu-4.

The system was developed in refueling LII MAP. In May 1952, the factory ╧ 153 have been converted, two MiG-15bis allocated for this purpose military aircraft. In 1953, began flight tests of refueling. Actively participate in the testing and refinement took engineers VY Euphorbia and SN Rybakov, as well as pilots test PI Kazmin, SF Mashkovsky and L. B. Chistyakov.

Fighter-interceptor SP-2 radar ‘Korshun’

Fig. 90. Fighter-interceptor SP-2 radar “Korshun”

Fighter MiG-15bis, a system equipped with refueling in flight

Fig. 91. Fighter MiG-15bis, a system equipped with refueling in flight

When creating and testing system was resolved several issues related to sustainable system hose – cone “in the flow and choice of its parameters, as well as the technique worked piloting fighter MiG-15bis in the contact and refueling tankers. Refueled by means of two hoses with cones produced from zakontsovok wing air tankers Tu-4, and fuel rods, installed at the top of the ring intake fighter MiG-15bis.

MiG-15bis “Burlaki (Fig. 92) – destroyer equipped with the system” Harpoon “. The use of podtsepki and hauling in flight bomber Tu-4 to increase the range fighter.

Develop a system to comply with EDO AS Yakovlev. The system consisted of towing winch with cable and receiver-cone mounted on the Tu-4 in the rear fuselage, and “Harpoon”, set in the bow of the aircraft MiG-15bis. Tow cable was manufactured in cone at 80 pm

Fighter MiG-15bis’ Burlaki ‘

Fig. 92. Fighter MiG-15bis “Burlaki”

Management system has a central console, located on the left board in the rear germokabine stern hand Tu-4. Installation of winches and related refining bomber Tu-4 ╧ 221001 were made OKB-30 on the technical conditions of the plant ╧ 115. Further development of fighter aircraft MiG-15bis ╧ 53210408 by installing “Harpoon” has been implemented plant ╧ 115.

“Harpoon” is a pneumatic cylinder rod which, together with the castle providing coupling and uncoupling by the action of compressed air to move. Full length “Harpoon” – 1372 mm, length of the protruding part – 945 mm. Before you start coupling rod lock come from the cylinder. Upon entering the castle “Harpoon” in the slot receiver, Cone was an automatic clutch, and then go inside the cylinder rod.

In connection with the installation of “Harpoon” and equipment for coupling with the MiG-15bis was withdrawn fotokinopulemet S-13. In the forward compartment of Coca optional second battery has been installed 12A-30 and chetyrehlitrovy air balloon, which was included in the network of primary air system.

After the factory flight tests (from 2 February to 26 April 1951) towing system was handed over to GK Research Institute of Air Force flight tests on government. They took place from 28 July to 24 August 1951 and ended with positive results. The system of towing showed robust coupling and uncoupling of aircraft in the air both by day and night, and was recognized as a new promising work of interest to the Air Force (as a possible solution escorting bombers). It was recommended to equip the five mass-produced fighter aircraft MiG-15bis and five bombers Tu-4 towing system for refining its tactical application.

In January 1952, the factory was built ╧ 153 series of five MiG-15bis fighters equipped with “Harpoon”. In order to carry out military tests at the plant ╧ 18 have been converted five aircraft buksirovschikov Tu-4. The tests took place from 9 July to 8 September 1952 in the 50 th aeronautical Army Far aviation airport Zyabrovka.

In order to determine the characteristics of technology piloting aircraft MiG-15bis, with “Harpoon”, were carried out 12 flights, which showed the normal behavior of the aircraft at high speeds instrument, as well as in carrying out various shapes pilotazha.

The system provides multiple tow coupling and uncoupling MiG-15bis with the Tu-4 and towing fighters from working and engine, consisting of detachment and air squadron trains set for the Tu-4 military orders both by day and night. The fighters, being towed, maneuver bombers are not restricted. In the detachment and air squadrons train can be taken from level flight, climb, lower at speeds of up to 7 m / s and a turn to the lists of up to 10 … 15 ╟.

Since the Tu-4 bomber was outdated, it was recommended that further work out a system of towing with Tu-16 and Tu-95.

In the development of towing DB-115 has developed a system to refuel fighter aircraft MiG-15bis of the bomber Tu-4 with the automatic.

The tests were conducted refueling system manufacturer ╧ 115 in conjunction with LII with 24 Sept., 1954 to March 2, 1955 (leading airman SN Anokhin, pilot-test FI Burtsev, commander of TU-4 AA Efimov Engineer Operator AI Vershinin, leading engineers V. Stepanov (from the plant ╧ 115) and BC Elkin (from LII)). When testing the system was tested towing operation of all units, spent hauling method and made operational evaluation of its work. Tests have shown that the system can provide towing in flight at an altitude of 4000 meters refinement associated with the installation of the system, little aggravated flight technical data planes and their piloting complicated.

In 1956 the theme “Burlaki was closed as lost relevance.

MiG-15bis variant fighter-bomber – a serial MiG-15bis ╧ 2815311 equipped at the factory ╧ 21 additional weapons.

The technical documentation has been developed on the basis of the plan development activities for 1958 The aircraft was fitted two beams on the wings of the main pillars of the chassis and suspension bridges fuel tanks (PTB). This would include options for suspension:

* Two blocks ORO-57K with shells S-5K or C-5M (8 each);
* Two bombs caliber from 50 to 250 kg;
* Two launchers ORO-212K with shells S-1of.

In addition, the locks can be PTB are suspended PTB bombs or fire from 50 to 250 kg. Artillery weapons remains unchanged. For all types of weapons used by sight ASP-3N.

Factory flight tests were not conducted. Public flight tests took place from March 4th, 1959 to 30 June 1959, during which time 114 flights have been fulfilled. The aircraft will withstand the test and was recommended as a reference for the upgrading of planes, comprising armed fighter-bombardirovochnoy aviation.

MiG-15bis with increased braking schitkami (S = 0,8 m2) and duplicate management ejection was presented to the state tests 20 Mar., 1952, which successfully passed. Duplicate management and increased brake shields were put into serial production.

In August 1952, was completed installation of panels area 0.9 m2. As a result of factory flight tests found that a further increase in the area of brake panels impractical, as it did not give the desired effect.

MiG-15M (SDM) – radio aircraft target-based fighter aircraft MiG-15bis. The range of heights strikes 8000 … 13 000 m. The time recruiting the maximum height for the withdrawal of the military course of 17 … 18 min. The speed in level flight at a maximum altitude of 880 … 950 km / h. The total duration of the flight 55 minutes.

Outi MiG-15 (ST-2) – sparring fighter, equipped with instruments blind landing (OSP-48).

In connection with the installation of SWAP-48 was shot gun NR-23. The aircraft in 1950 passed state tests, and installation of equipment blind landing was introduced into serial production.

Outi MiG-15 (ST-8) – sparring fighter with a radar RP-1D “Emerald-3” and the sight of ASP-3NM.

In April – May 1954, ST-8 aircraft passed state tests with unsatisfactory results, as well as to the Air Force aircraft was a new requirement to install a second cabin surveillance indicator and sight associated with RLS. Work on the refurbishment of aircraft under a new station EDO began in late 1954, radar Emerald-3 “in contrast to the station” Emerald had two indicator. The plane was tested in 1955

Outi MiG-15 (ST-10) – flight test system for the protection of the pilot’s ejection from the lantern for safe escape the aircraft at high speeds.

Outi MiG-15 – aircraft control planes landing target Yak-25MSH.

From 7 to 22 Dec., 1959 and from I January to February 2nd, 1960 conducted flight tests of three remote experimental aircraft target Yak-25MSH with unmanned takeoff and landing, as well as station management embarkation installed on the aircraft MiG-15 UTI ╧ 106216. For testing as a backup switch to a second landing station management (pilot model) fitted to the aircraft ╧ 106220. The equipment of an ╧ 106216 were fired plant ╧ 918, a plane ╧ 106220 – by LII.

Airborne transmission station was carried out series of ground-based transmitting station MRV-2M and installed in a mobile lafete instead of weapons. Transmitting antennas were placed on the inhibitor. The first cabin was changed dashboard: instead of navigation devices and the sight was set sensor commands DK-16rs.

The results of flight tests showed that the aircraft target Yak-25MSH has better combat and tactical performance in comparison with the existing targets, and aircraft management UTI MiG-15 allows you to successfully implement its landing after the assignment.

Modifications MiG-15 fighter produced in large quantities by the manufacturer (see Table 1).

Table 1

Модификация истребителя Modifying fighter Завод-изготовитель The manufacturer Всего самолетов Total aircraft
╧1 ╧ 1 ╧21 ╧ 21 ╧31 ╧ 31 ╧99 ╧ 99 ╧126 ╧ 126 ╧135 ╧ 135 ╧153 ╧ 153 ╧292 ╧ 292 ╧381 ╧ 381
МиГ-15 MiG-15 813 1 453 2 75 1344
МиГ-15бис MiG-15bis 1681 1784 225 832 2420 994 7936
МиГ-15Пбис MiG-15Pbis 5 5
МиГ-15Рбис MiG-15Rbis 364 364
МиГ-15Сбис MiG-15Sbis 49 49
УТИ МиГ-15 Outi MiG-15 881 1117 511 924 3433
Все модификации All modifications 3380 2148 225 1117 833 511 3797 1045 75 13131

MiG 17 Practising Group MiG 15

November 8, 2008

MiG 17

November 8, 2008


April 16, 2008

MiG 15 Midget

April 15, 2008

MiG 15

The MiG-15 began life just after WWII, when the Soviet Air Force charged their aircraft design bureaus with developing a high-altitude day interceptor, able to operate from rough strips, reach Mach 0.90, have good maneuverability at high altitude, carry heavy armaments and have a flight endurance of over 1 hour. This was quite a demand.

Though called a Soviet design, it was developed from plans taken from Germany as a war prize and is almost identical to the Focke-Wulf Ta-183 design that was not completed before the war ended. They also did not have a decent jet engine and approached Great Britain for help. The British welcomed this approach from their ally and offered the Rolls Royce ‘Nene’ and ‘Derwent’ engines for them to manufacture under licence. The Nene was selected and went into production by Klimov as the RD-45 turbojet.

The resultant aircraft was outstanding, and it’s appearance in the skies over Korea in1950, shocked and stunned the Americans and their allies fighting for South Korea. Their deadly attacks, armed with three cannon, quickly ran all piston-engined aircraft from the battlefield including the B-29 bomber, the task for which they had originally been designed. This also included all first generation jets such as the Lockheed F-80, Republic F-84 and the Gloster Meteor, all of which eventually became efficient ground support aircraft. Indeed, the loss of five RAAF Meteors to the one soviet ace, Alexandr Smortzcow, resulted in our own Air Force quickly pushing ahead with their acquisition of the North American F-86 Sabre. This imbalance improved slightly with the introduction of the early F86’s but did not really change until the F-86 with the `all flying tail’ came on line. At the end of the war, the loss ratio was 13 to 1 against the MiG.

  • First flown in 1948. First flown in combat in Korea in 1950.
  • First jet v. jet battle was 8 Nov. 50 with a US. Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star which resulted in the loss of the MiG
  • NATO nickname for the MiG-15 was “Fagot” and for the MiG-15UT1(2 seat trainer) was “Midget”. The Russian nickname was “Air Soldier” and the 2 seat “Matushka or Good Old Woman “
  • The MiG-15 flew with 31 Communist Bloc countries and the UTI version still flies in some as the basic jet trainer. They also flew with Indonesia, only a few hundred kilometers from our shores, but because of poor servicing and flying training, never presented a threat.
  • They were built or assembled in four countries, Russia, Poland as the Lim-2, Czechoslovakia as the CS 102 and China as the J-2. China commenced production with the MkII (MiG 17) version. Over 13000 aircraft were built.
  • It was powered by a Klimov 45 turbojet (Rolls-Royce Nene copy) and this engine was developed far beyond that of the British company basically because the latter had developed far more efficient and powerful designs. Because of the resultant Cold War that developed between the East and the West, Russia never paid any manufacturing rights. This engine is the same as that used in the Australian De Havilland Vampire, each plane producing far different performances, The MiG outperforming the Vampire in every respect. This was basically because of it’s swept-wing design. This imbalance was not rectified until the appearance of the F-86E, Lockheed’s “All Flying Tail” version of it’s famous Sabre, which was also the first fitted with 4 cannons instead of. 50 machine guns.
  • Russian pilots and their MiG’s were sent to the Korean war, their aircraft stripped of all Russian insignia and wording, the pilots dressed as civilians, guarded by secret police, on the Trans-Siberian railway, to give them time to learn some Korean language. They flew from Chinese bases across the border so as not to create an international incident.
  • Armed with 1x37mm (1.5″) and 2x23mm (1″‘) cannon it packed a lethal punch.
  • On 21 Sept 53, North Korean Pilot Kum Suk Ago defected with his aircraft and the US, finally had it’s hands on a MiG 15. The aircraft was transported Stateside for evaluation and was flown by many pilots including Gen. Chuck Yeager of sound barrier fame.

  • Микоян Гуревич МиГ-17

    March 12, 2008